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MLA Style Guide Ninth Edition

Other Contributors

Other contributors,

People, groups, and organizations can contribute to a work while not being its primary creator. This may be the case for works that are the product of many contributors but not of a single, primary creator. Key contributors should always be listed in your entry. Whenever you list a contributor, include a label describing the role played.

Labels describing the contributor's role

adapted by 

choreographed by

conducted by

created by

directed by

edited by

illustrated by

introduction by

narrated by

performance by

translated by

 

Examples of Contributors

Translator of work with primary author

Chartier, Roger. The Order of Books: Readers, Authors, and Libraries in Europe between the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Centuries. Translated by Lydia G.
          Cochrane, Stanford UP, 1994.

 

Editor of an anthology from which an authored essay is cited

Sabau, Ana. "The Perils of Ownership: Property and Literature in Nineteenth-Century Mexico." Mexican Literature in Theory, edited by Ignacio M. Sánchez
          Prado, Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, pp. 33-54.

 

Dance company that performed the work of a composer for a recording

Brown, Trisha. Foray Forêt. Performance by Trisha Brown Dance Company, 28 Sept. 2019, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia.

 

Music ensemble that performed the work of a composer for a recording

Schubert, Franz. Piano Trio in E-flat Major D 929. Performance by Wiener Mozart-Trio, unabridged version, Preiser Records, 2011. Vinyl LP

 

If the role played cannot be described using a phrase with by, specify the role with a noun or noun phrase surrounded by commas after the name, as for the general editor in the example below.

Berger, André. "Climate Model Simulations of the Geological Past." The Earth System: Physical and Chemical Dimensions of Global Environmental Change,
          edited by Michael C. MacCracken and John S. Perry, pp. 296-301. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Ted Munn, general editor, 2nd ed.,
          vol. 1, Wiley, 2002. 

If a source has many contributors, include the ones most relevant to your project. If you are writing about a television episode and are focusing on a character, include the series editor and the actor who plays the character.

"Hush." Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Created by Joss Whedon, performance by Sara Michelle Gellar, season 4. Episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.

 

Capitalizations of labels

The label describing the contributor's role should be lowercase (unless it is a proper noun). Note, however, that the initial word after the period that concludes and element should be capitalized. In the first example below, edited is lowercase because it is a word normally lowercase and appears after a comma. It is capitalized in the second example because it is placed after the period following the Title of Source element.

Sabau, Ana. "The Perils of Ownership: Property and Literature in Nineteenth-Century Mexico." Mexican Literature in Theory, edited by Ignacio M. Sánchez
          Prado, Bloomsbury Academic, 2018, pp. 33-54.

Wollstonecraft, Mary A. A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Edited by Deidre Shauna Lynch, Norton Critical Edition, 3rd ed., W. W. Norton, 2009.