Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

MLA Style Guide Ninth Edition




The source you are documenting may be part of a sequence, like a numbered  volume, issue, episode, or season. If your source uses a numbering system, include the number in your entry, preceded by a common abbreviation or term that identifies the kind of division the number refers to.


A text too long to be printed in one book, for instance, is issued in multiple volumes, which may be numbered. If you consult one volume of a numbered multivolume set and each volume is titled the same, indicate the volume number.

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. 2nd ed., vol. 2, Oxford UP, 2002.

Welleck, René. A History of Modern Criticism, 1750-1950. Vol. 5, Yale UP, 1986.



Journal issues are typically numbered. Some journals use both volume and issue numbers. In general the issues of a journal published in a single year compose one volume. Usually volumes are numbered sequentially, while the numbering of issues starts over with 1 in each new volume.

Young, Vershawn Ashanti. "Should Writers Use They Own English?" Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies, vol. 12, no. 1, 2010, pp.110-18.

Kafka, Ben. "The Demon of Writing: Paperwork, Public Safety, and Reign of Terror." Representations, no. 98, 2007, pp. 1-24.

Note: If a work in a periodical is not printed in consecutive pages, just list the start page number and a plus sign.


Comic Books

Comic books, or graphic narratives,  are commonly numbered like journals—for instance, with issue numbers.

Clowes, Daniel. David Boring. Eightball, no. 19, Fantagraphics, 1998.


Seasons of a Television Series

The seasons of a television series are typically numbered, as are the episodes in a season. Both numbers should be recorded in the works-cited list if they are available.

"New Normal." Directed by Dan Attias. Homeland, season 5, episode 10, Showtime, 24 July 2016. Amazon Prime Video app.