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MLA Style Guide Ninth Edition

Publication Date

Publication Date,

The publication Date element tells your reader when the version of the work you are citing was published. 

In addition to an actual date of publication, this element may include the following:

  • the date of composition for unpublished material (such as letters).
  • the date of revision or upload if that is more pertinent (e.g., the date a wiki post was last updated rather than the date if was started)
  • the label forthcoming for works not yet published
  • the date on which a source was viewed or heard firsthand (e.g., the date that you attended the performance of a play)


The publication Date element may include one or more of the following components:

  • a year
  • a day and month
  • a season
  • a time stamp
  • a range of dates or years



Ellison, Ralph. Invisible Man. 2nd Vintage International ed., Random House, 1995.


Crystal, David. Making a Point: The Persnickety Story of English Pronunciation. E-book ed., St. Martin's Press, 2015.


News article

Hunter, Marjorie. "Johnson Antipoverty Bill Approved in House, 228-190, but Foes Balk Final Vote." The New York Times, 8 Aug. 1964, pp. 1+.

Online News article

Hoekstra, Gordon. "Historic Opportunity to Push Forward Rights and Recognition: Assembly of First Nations." Vancouver Sun, 24 July 2018,


Journal article


Riddle, Julie. "Shadow Animals." The Georgia Review, vol. 67, no. 3, fall 2013, pp. 424-47.


Online digital

Riddle, Julie. "Shadow Animals." The Georgia Review, vol. 67, no. 3, fall 2013, pp. 424-47. JSTOR,



Odetta. One Grain of Sand. Vanguard Recording Society, 1963. Vinyl.

Odetta. "Sail Away, Ladies." One Grain of Sand, Vanguard Records, 1 Jan. 2006. Spotify app.

Government documents


United States, Congress, House, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Al-Qaeda: The Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist Threat. Government
          Printing Office, 2006.


United States, Congress, House, Office of the Law Revision Counsel. United States Code, 8 Nov. 2019,


Television Episodes

"The Final Problem." Sherlock, created by Steven Moffat and Mark Gatiss, season 4, episode 3, BBC, 15 Jan. 2017. Masterpiece, WGBH Educational
          Foundation, 2019, wgbh/masterpiece/episodes/sherlock-s4-e3/.

"Manhattan Vigil." Directed by jean de Segonzac. Law and order: Special Victims Unit, created by Dick Wolf, season 14, episode 5, Wolf Films, 24 Oct. 2012.