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Chinese-Americans 1785-: History

Archived Photoes


What happened In History


British waged disastrous opium wars on China. British gain control of Hong Kong


Chinese laborers actively recruited by American companies for work in the "Golden Mountains"


California Supreme Court ruled Chinese could not testify for or against a white person in court


7000 Chinese railroad workers laid down their tools and went on strike against Central Pacific Railroad


12000 Chinese completed the western half of the Transcontinental Railroad


MOB attacks and pillages Los Angeles Chinese district. 18 Chinese murdered


Chinese denied right to become American citizens by the U.S. Supreme Court


Rock Springs (Wyoming)Massacre. 28 Chinese shot dead. Houses burned to the ground

1882, 1888, 1902, 1924

U.S. Congress enacted Chinese Exclusion Laws prohibiting Chinese laborers from entering U.S.


Lue Gim Gong developed variety of oranges still honored by his name


Wong Kim Ark v. U.S. Supreme Court concedes that a child born in US of Chinese descent is citizen of US


Chinese workers in China boycotted American goods to protest terrible theatment of Chinese in U.S.


San Francisco earthquake leveled ChinaTown


Fong Joe Guey became the first Asian to build and first person to fly a plane on the West Coast


Angel Island Detention Center - 14 states in U.S. forbade Chinese marrying whites or natualization of them


Nationalist Revolution, Republic of China Founded, Sun Yat Sen elected first President


Immigration Act prohibited Chinese men from bringing wives or children. Previous to this, they could.


Sino Japanese War begins


San Francisco national dollar chain store strike


Communist revolution. People's Republic of China founded. Mao Tse Tung elected Chairman


McCarthy witchhunts plagued ChinaTowns in U.S.


Immigration Quotas for Asian immigration removed


Asian American studies programs established for the first time.


Asian-Americans organized contingents to participate in Anti-Vietnam War Movement


Lau v. Nichols, Landmark Supreme Court decision acknowledged the right for bilingual/bicultural eduation in public schools.


International hotel fight for low income housing, San Francisco, CA


Confucius Plaza demonstrations -  New York city


Bakke v. university of California-Davis, Affirmative Action programs threatened by "Reverse Discrimination" charge


The PRC removed restrictions on emigration leading to immigration of college students and professionals. These recent groups of Chinese tended to cluster in suburban areas and to avoid urban Chinatowns.

  Immigrants from mainland China soared mainly with students and professionals coming to study or to work in academies as well as undocumented aliens in search of lower-status manual jobs.        


Tiananmen Square Massacre incurred President Bush’s order of amnesty to Chinese in the U.S.

Literature on the History of Chinese-American Immigration

Aarim-Heriot, N. (2003). Chinese immigrants, African Americans, and racial anxiety in the United States, 1848-82 . Urbana: University of Illinois Press. Retrieved from

Ah-Tye, H. (1999). Resourceful Chinese. Oakland, Calif. : Chinese Presbyterian Church of Oakland

American Immigration Law Foundation. (2000). A brief history of chinese immigration to america. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from

Behnke, A. (2005). Chinese in america . Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Co.

Brownstone, D. M. (1988). The Chinese-American heritage . New York: Facts on File.

Cassel, S. L. (2002). The Chinese in America : A history from gold mountain to the new millennium .

Cassel, S. L. (2002). The Chinese in America : A history from gold mountain to the new millennium . Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Chan, S. (2006). Chinese American transnationalism : the flow of people, resources, and ideas between China and America during the exclusion era . Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.

Chan, S., & Hsu, M. Y. (2008). Chinese Americans and the politics of race and culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Chan, S. (1991). Entry denied : Exclusion and the Chinese community in America, 1882-1943 . Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Chang, G. H. (1999). Writing the history of Chinese immigrants to America. South Atlantic Quarterly, 98 (1), 135.

Chen, Y. Chinese San Francisco, 1850-1943 : A trans-pacific community . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Cheng, A., & Chang, M. (2003). Goldfish and chrysanthemums (1st ed.). New York: Lee & Low Books.

Chin, A. S. (1979). Sixteenth anniversary program . San Francisco: Chinese Historical Society of America.

Chin, K. (1999). Smuggled Chinese : Clandestine immigration to the United States . Philadelphia, Pa.: Temple University Press.

Cohen, J., & Lennon, T. (Producers), & Chin, M., Numereoff, R. and Palmer, A. (Directors). (2003). Becoming American : The Chinese experience program 1. gold mountain dreams -- program 2. between two worlds -- program 3. no turning back. [Video/DVD] Princeton, N.J.: Public Affairs Television, Inc.

Chin, S. A. (1992). Hard life in a new home. (cover story). Scholastic Update, 125 (2), 27.

Chinese Historical Society of America. (1999). Chinese America : history and perspectives 1999.

Chinese Historical Society of America, Asian American Studies, San Francisco State University. (1991). Chinese America: history and perspectives, 1991. San Francisco, CA: Chinese Historical Society of America,.

Chinese immigration to the United States. Retrieved from

Chinese puzzle.(2000). American Heritage, 51 (3), 112.

Chu, D., & Chu, S. C. (1967). Passage to the golden gate; a history of the Chinese in America to 1910 . Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday,.

Cohen, M. (1984). Chinese in the post-civil war south: A people without history Louisiana State University Press.

Conwell, R. H. (1871). Why and how : Why the Chinese emigrate, and the means they adopt for the purpose of reaching America, with sketches of travel, amusing incidents, social customs, &c . Boston: Lee and Shepard.

Deiters, E., & Deiters, J. (2003). The Chinese community in America . Minneapolis: Lake Street Publishers.

Dicker, L. M. (1979). The Chinese in San Francisco : A pictorial history . New York: Dover Publications.

Donlan, L., & Savada, A. (2003). Immigration: A new community. Retrieved April 23, 2008, from

Foner, N. (2001). New immigrants in New York (Completely rev. and updat ed.). New York: Columbia University Press.

Gilliam, E. W. (1886). Chinese immigration. The North American Review, 143 (356), 26.

Gitlin, S. (1999). Downloads. Brandweek, 40 (42), 17.

Guest, K. J. (2003). God in Chinatown : Religion and survival in New York's evolving immigrant community . New York: New York University Press.

Higham, J. (1955). Strangers in the land; patterns of American nativism, 1860-1925 . New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Hoobler, D., & Hoobler, T. (1994). The Chinese American family album . New York: Oxford University Press.

Hsu, F. L. K. (1971). The challenge of the American dream: The Chinese in the United States . Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Pub. Co.

Hua Liang. (1998). Fighting for a new life: Social and patriotic activism of Chinese American women in New York city.. Journal of American Ethnic History, 17 (2), 22.

Jean Pfaelzer. (2007). Driven out: The forgotten war against Chinese Americans Random House.

Kelleher, T. (2003). Becoming American: The Chinese experience (TV program). People, 59 (12), 25.

Kingston, M. H., & Kingston, M. H. (2005). The woman warrior; China men .

Kinkead, G. (1991). Chinatown—I. New Yorker, 67 (16), 45-83.

Kwong, P., & Miscevic, D. D. (2005). Chinese America : the untold story of America's oldest new community / . New York: New Press.

Lai, H. M. (2004). Becoming Chinese American : A history of communities and institutions / . Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Lay, G. T. The Chinese as they are : Their moral and social character, manners, customs, language : With remarks on their arts and sciences, medical skill, the extent of missionary enterprise, etc. Philadelphia: Redding.

Layres, A. (1879). Evidence of public opinion on the pacific coast in favor of Chinese immigration.: From miscellaneous selections : Anti-Chinese movement & Chinese exclusion

Lee, C. B. T. (1965). Chinatown, U.S.A. . Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday,.

Lee, E. At America's gates: Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943 University of North Carolina Press.

Lee, E. (2003). At America's gates : Chinese immigration during the exclusion era, 1882-1943 . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Retrieved from

Lee, M., & Choi, Y. (2006). Landed (1st ed.). New York: Farrar Straus Giroux. Retrieved from;

Liang, H. (1996). Living between the worlds : Chinese American women and their experiences in San Francisco and New York city, 1848-1945 .

Library of Congress - American Memory. (2004). Chinese immigration to the United States, 1851-1900 .

Ling, H. (1998). Surviving on the gold mountain : A history of Chinese American women and their lives. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press.

Carved in silence. Lowe, F., Pearson, C., CrossCurrent Media and Modern Educational Video Network (Directors). (1992, 1987).[Video/DVD] San Francisco, CA: Cross Current Media : dist. by Modern Educational Video Network.

Lowell, W. B. (1996). Chinese immigration and the Chinese in the United States: Records in the regional archives of the national archives and records administration . Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration.

Lyman, E. The writing on the wall: Chinese-American Immigrants' fight for equality: 1850-1943. MA, Brigham Young University.

Mangiafico, L. (1988). Contemporary American immigrants : Patterns of Filipino, Korean, and Chinese settlement in the United States . New York: Praeger.

McCunn, R. L. (1996). Chinese American portraits : personal histories, 1828-1988 . Seattle, Wa.: University of Washington Press.

Minke, P. (1974). Chinese in the mother lode, 1850-1870 . San Francisco: R and E Research Associates.

Paananen, E., & Tsui, G. The chinese in america . Retrieved May 27, 2008, from

Peffer, G. A. (1999). If they don't bring their women here : Chinese female immigrants . Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Qi, S. (2000). Bridging the pacific : Searching for cross-cultural understanding between the United States and China. San Francisco, CA: China Books and Periodicals.

Sandmeyer, E. C. The anti-Chinese movement in California.

Shah, N. (2001). Contagious divides : Epidemics and race in San Francisco's Chinatown . Berkeley: University of California Press.

Shane, C. J. (2005). The Chinese. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press.

Stefoff, R., & Takaki, R. T. (1994). Journey to gold mountain : The Chinese in 19th-century America. New York: Chelsea House.

Sung, B. L. (1997). Chinese immigrants create their own jobs. Chinese American Forum, 12 (3), 8.

Teitelbaum, M. (2004). Chinese immigrants (immigration to the United States) . New York: Facts On File.

Tung, M. P. (2000). Chinese Americans and their immigrant parents : Conflict, identity, and values. New York: Haworth Clinical Practice Press.

United States. National Archives and Records Administration, & Lowell, W. B. (1996). Chinese immigration and the Chinese in the United States . Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration.

Wei, W. (1999). The Chinese-American experience: An introduction. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from

Wong, L. K. (2006). Good fortune : My journey to gold mountain. Atlanta, Ga.: Peachtree.

Wu, D. Y. (1993). Coming to america . Brookfield: Millbrook Press.

Wu, D. Y., & Tung, J. D. (1993). The Chinese-American experience . Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press.

Yan, Q. (1985). Coolies and mandarins : China's protection of overseas chinese during the late Ching period (1851-1911) . Singapore: Singapore University Press, National University of Singapore.

Yin, X. (2000). Chinese American literature since the 1850s . Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Yung, J. (1986). Chinese women of America : a pictorial history . Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Yung, J. (1995). Unbound feet : a social history of Chinese women in San Francisco . Berkeley: University of California Press.

Yung, J. (1999). Unbound voices : a documentary history of Chinese women in San Francisco . Berkeley: University of California Press.

Yung, J., Chang, G. H., & Lai, H. M. (2006). Chinese American voices : from the gold rush to the present . Berkeley: University of California Press.

Zhao, X. (2002). Remaking Chinese America : immigration, family, and community, 1940-1965. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.