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Health Science Information & Articles - Types, Uses, and Sources

Learn to recognize and identify uses for different types of health information.

How to read a scientific article

how to read scientific papers infographic: 1 Skim; 2 Re-read; 3 Interpret; 4 Summarize

Recognizing: Look for...

Look for these sections (which may not be specifically marked) to determine if the article is a research paper. Also look for key phrases, especially in the abstract, like "this study", "we determined/measured/surveyed/etc.", anything refering to the population studied or the experimental design, etc.

Abstract

Summary--does this article really cover what you need?

Introduction

Overview and lit review--skim or read for background

Methods

What did they do--check for population (middle school students, seniors over 65 with heart conditions, etc.), otherwise skip or skim

Results

What they found--numbers, responses, etc. NOT interpretation--skip or skim

Discussion

What the results mean--the most important part of the article in most cases. Read carefully.

Conclusion

Summary of discussion and results. Future implications and research. May simply be the final paragraph of article.

References

Previous work cited in the article--the foundations of the research. Skim for related papers of interest and for specific articles mentioned in crucial sections of the article.

 

Note:

These are tips for recognizing a research article, as opposed to a review, a summary, a critique, a news article, or other type of article. To fully understand the research done you will need to carefully review the entire article. Skipping or skimming sections is fine for getting the general idea of the research. To evaluate the research, compare the research to other experiments, or to build off the research will require reviewing even the parts labeled 'skip or skim' above.