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Tips on Avoiding Plagiarism

1. Begin your research early and do not procrastinate. When you are in a rush you may fail to include all the information needed to document the source or you may even fail to cite the source.

2. Keep careful notes. Jot down all the information you need to document your source. Photocopy the title and copyright pages of books that you use for your paper. Email journal citation records from databases to yourself so you have all the relevant information needed for citing.

3.You must always document any words or ideas that you have not thought up yourself. Outside sources include books, web sites, periodicals, databases, radio or television programs, films, plays or other performances, images, songs, interviews, speeches, lectures, letters and correspondence (including e-mail), videos, and government sources. Plagiarism could even occur with a word. For example, if you use the word "engayify" which means to gay it  up, and which Stephen Colbert coined, you should attribute it to him or you will be guilty of plagiarism.

4. If you are quoting word for word from someone make sure to enclose the quotation within quotation marks. Do not omit any word(s) from the quote.

5. When you paraphrase or summarize someone else's idea or work, make sure to include a citation to the original source.

6. Cite every source that you used in your paper in the works cited page.

7. Every source that you used in your list of references should be cited in your paper.

8. Information that is common knowledge need not be documented. Common knowledge is information that everyone knows such as widely known news events, famous people, geographical facts, familiar history, and cliches or common sayings. (Example:` Washington D.C is the capital of the United States). However, if you are not sure whether something is common knowledge or not, it is best to provide documentation. 

9. Get familiar with the citation style that your instructor requires. Click on the "Citing Sources" tab above for help with the commonly used citation styles.
Style manuals are available at Buley Library's reference desk.

10. When in doubt, check with your professor. He/she is the one that has assigned the paper and will know what's expected.

Resources for Avoiding Plagiarism

Online Writing Lab (Purdue University)
The OWL has an excellent unit on plagiarism including useful tips on citing and paraphrasing. 

Plagiarism and Paraphrasing

This guide provides information on how to provide proper citations and credibility in academic writing. It discusses how properly-cited paraphrasing helps students truly understand the material. The resource also includes references to citation sources and guidelines that students can follow to avoid plagiarism in their writing.
Another excellent site devoted to plagiarism. Under "Resources" are listed tools for checking originality and grammar, a webcast that identifies the 10 plagiarism types, helpful sites for learning about writing, editing, copyright and academic integrity, news items about plagiarism, handouts on plagiarism and citations, and more.

Video on plagiarism (from Paul Robeson Library, Rutgers University)
The do's and don'ts of plagiarism and a game show titled "The Cite is Right" is featured in this enlightening, short, video.

You Quote It, You Note It (Video from Vaughan Memorial Library, Acadia University)
This video is approximately ten minutes and explains the difference between paprahrasing and quoting and how to do both effectively, as well as how, what and when to cite.