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Primary and Secondary Sources

This guide will explain what primary and secondary sources are and how to find them.

Elementary Education

Example for Elementary Education: 

Primary Source: A quantitative study about the effects of lengthening the school day on student achievement.

Bellei, Christian. “Does Lengthening the School Day Increase Students Academic Achievement? Results From a Natural Experiment in Chile.” Economics of Education Review 28 (2009): 629-640.

Secondary Source: News article about schools lengthening the school day to improve student achievement.

“Seven Connecticut Schools to Extend Teaching Day.” The Connecticut Mirror, December 3, 2012.

Information and Library Science

Example for Information and Library Science: 

Primary Source: Scholarly article based on a survey of public libraries.

Taylor, Natalie, et al. “Public Libraries in the New Economy: Twenty-First-Century Skills, the Internet, and Community Needs.” Public Library Quarterly 31 (2012): 191-219. 

Secondary Source: Newspaper article about how people use libraries in a recession.

“Folks Are Flocking to the Library, a Cozy Place to Look for a Job.” Wall Street Journal, January 15, 2009.

Special Education

Example for Special Education: 

Primary Source: A scholarly article about autism and inclusion.

Sansoti, Jenine and Frank Sansoti. “Inclusion for Students with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders: Definitions and Decision Making.” Psychology in the Schools 49 (2012): 917-931.

Secondary Source: A newspaper article about teens with autism in high schools.

Winerip, Michael. “A School District that Takes the Isolation Out of Autism.” New York Times, August 1, 2012.