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Different Types of Sources

This guide discusses some of the different types of sources you are likely to find in our databases.

Examples from the Social Sciences

Major/ Subject Area




Research article (by a Southern professor!) who studies Incan burials in Peru.

National Geographic blog post about Dr. Andrushko’s research.


Andrushko, Valerie A. and John W. Verano. “Prehistoric Trepanation in the Cuzco Region of Peru: A View Into an Ancient Andean Practice.” American Journal of Physical Anthropology 137 (2008): 4-13.

Norris, Scott. “Inca Skull Surgeons were “Highly Skilled,” Study Finds.” National Geographic News, May 12, 2008.


A research study that that looks at how people learn to lie more effectively.

A blog post talking about the research and interviewing other researchers.


Van Bockstaele, B., et al. “Learning to Lie: Effects of Practice on the Cognitive Cost of Lying.” Frontiers in Psychology 3 (2012): 1-8.

Ghose, Tia. “Practice Makes the Perfect Liar.” Discovery News, November 27, 2012.


A scholarly article (by a SCSU professor!) about food deserts (lack of access to fresh vegetables and grocery stores) in New Haven.

A newspaper article about urban farms in New Haven.


Russel, Scott E. and C. Patrick Heidkamp. “‘Food desertification’: The loss of a major supermarket in New Haven, Connecticut.” Applied Geography 31 (2011): 1197–1209.

MacMillan, Thomas. “Don’t Look Now, City’s Becoming a Farm.” New Haven Independent, August 17, 2011.


A historical document.

A book written by a historian about the search for Abraham Lincoln’s killers.


Wanted poster for the assassins of Abraham Lincoln

Swanson, James L. Chasing Lincoln’s Killer. New York: Scholastic Press, 2009.


A research study that looked at why fewer readers are reading newspapers compared to online news sources.

A blog post discussing the research study about why users prefer online news sources.


Mersey, Rachel Davis, et al. “Focusing on the Reader: Engagement Trumps Satisfaction.” Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 89 (2012): 695-709.

“Newspaper Sales Suffer Due to Lack of Stimulating Content, Study Finds.” Science Daily, September 27, 2012.

Political Science

A research study that looks at the political differences between liberals and conservatives.

A news item that talks about a research study.


Graham J, Nosek BA, Haidt J (2012) “The Moral Stereotypes of Liberals and Conservatives: Exaggeration of Differences across the Political Spectrum.PLoS ONE 7, no. 12 (2012): e50092.

Pappas, Stephanie. “Liberals & Conservatives More Alike Than You Think.” LiveScience, December 12, 2012.


A research study about suicide among college students written by the researchers who conducted it.

A newspaper article about the research study.


Drum, D. J., Brownson, C., Burton Denmark, A., & Smith, S. E. “New data on the nature of suicidal crises in college students: Shifting the paradigm.” Professional Psychology: Research And Practice 40, no. 3 (2009): 213-222.

Moore, Abigail Sullivan. “Learning to Listen to Distressed Classmates.” New York Times, April 15, 2011.


Research article about workplace schedules and health.

A magazine article about the study.


Moen, Phyllis, Erin L. Kelly, Eric Tranby and Qinlei Huang. “Changing Work, Changing Health: Can Real Work-Time Flexibility Promote Health Behaviors and Well Being?” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 52 (2011): 404-429.

“Study of the Day: Employees with Flexible Work Hours are Healthier.” The Atlantic, December 29, 2011.